woman having a thyroid scan

Affects Metabolism and Energy

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the lower part of your neck that straddles the windpipe (trachea). Its function is to produce several hormones that influence metabolism, growth, development, and help regulate body temperature. In many people, the thyroid works well throughout their lives; but in some, too much or too little hormone is produced. Proper thyroid function is particularly critical for pregnant women because hypothyroidism (too little hormone) can result in risk for miscarriage, pre-term delivery, and babies with developmental problems.

According to the American Thyroid Association, more than 12% of Americans will develop a thyroid condition at some point in their lives. Women are five to eight times more likely than men to develop thyroid problems and many of these issues emerge as they approach menopause. Symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, dry hair and skin, sensitivity to cold temperatures, constipation, depression, and memory loss. The good news is that almost all thyroid conditions and diseases respond to treatment. Check with your Hackensack University Medical Group healthcare provider if you are experiencing symptoms.

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